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Rubik’s Cube history

  • Erno Rubik was born on 13th July 1944 in Budapest. His father was a flight engineer, who established a firm building gliders.
  • He graduated from the Faculty of Architecture at Budapest University of Technology in 1967.
  • He finished the Budapest College of Applied Arts in 1971, where he learned statuary and architecture.
  • Between 1968 and 1975 he worked as a builder-designer.
  • Between 1970 and 1988 he was an instructor, then a lecturer and then a docent on the Budapest College of Applied Arts.
  • He worked as the editor in chief of the journal called “…And Game!” in 1982-83.
  • Since 1983 he has been the leader of the Rubik Studio.
  • Between 1982 and 1988 he established three foundations.
  • He has been a titular professor since 1987, in 1990 he became the president of the Hungarian Engineering Academy, and since 1996 he has been its honorary president.
  • He got the National Award in 1983, and the Gábor Dénes Prize in 1995.
  • He also invented some logical games: Rubik’s cube (1975), Rubik’s Snake (1977), Rubik’s Magic (1985).
  • Nowadays he deals with architecture and making of computer games.

About the Rubik’s Cube

Initially Rubik wanted to indite the 2x2x2 cube. The first problem was putting the pieces together to make it rotatable around  all its three axis. At first he tried to join the pieces with rubber rings but this was unsuccessful because after some time the rings broke away. He also tried to join the elements with magnets, but the cube came apart easily. So he made strange-shaped cubes. These cubes – because of their shape – kept themselves together. Later he marked the sides with different colours, because he wanted to see how the pieces move compared to themselves. Then Rubik recognised – only after the final evolving – that the cube is not only good for illustrating spatial movements (that’s why he made it in the first place), but that its also a good game. Rubik paid particular attention to the colours of the cube; the opposite (parallel) sides vary in the yellow component. So the white becomes yellow, the red becomes orange and the blue becomes green. The most important thing why the cube became a success is that it is three-dimensional and it is always in one piece.

Patent

Rubik wanted to patent the cube in 1975, but he only received the permissions  in 1977. At  the end of that year the first cubes appeared in the shops. Only in Hungary about one million cubes were sold in 1980 (Every 10th person had one!). At the same time Rubik’s cube spread about in foreign countries too by an American firm called IDEAL TOY. It became popular very quickly around the world and it is still popular.

Awards

  • BNV Prize, 1978
  • Niveau Award of the Cultural Ministry, 1979
  • In 1980 he got awards in many countries: England, Germany, France. In England he received the Toy of the Year 1980 award, which is for only one toy in a year!
  • In 1981 the New York Museum of Modern Art added the cube to its architectural and design collection.

Some quotes

“The cube and its – not so easy – solution allowed me to do what I like. I don’t have other commitments – for many people work means a negative thing because of these commitments. For me it is positive. Of course I can understand them because the “forced labor” is not good. But the willingly done reasonable work is quite good. Life gives many thing, and I wish everyone to reach this point. Of course there can be found that “reasonable thing” in every activities. Sometimes it’s difficult.”
/Erno Rubik/

“I am not a man who always wants to outstrip himself. The essence is that my job must make me happy.”
/Erno Rubik/

“Easiest color to solve on a Rubik’s Cube: black. Simply remove all the little colored stickers, and each of side of the cube will now be the original color (black). According to the instructions, this means the puzzle is solved.”
/Steve Rubenstein/

“Cubing exacts to create science. He has to make experiments, theories to spoil them and try another way. This is the only riddle which entices you to create a whole branch of science.”
/Bernie Greenberg/
Researcher of Artifical Intelligence

“Did Rubik and Ishige dream that their investigations give a model to the people which can picture the beauty of the science?”
/Douglas R. Hofstadter/
Phisics professor of MIT

“I read an article; its author wanted to give me to believe that somebody made a cube which is rotatable in all three directions. But I can prove that it is impossible.”
/Unknown/
One of Rubik’s students

Photo Source: Associated Press

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Rubik’s cube Guinness World Record attempt

The attempt at the Rubik’s cube  Guinness World Record is an intriguing challenge. More than 2,000  students took part in the Rubik’s Maths Challenge at the O2 Arena in London last week to take on the experiment.

The Be there or be Square day was aimed at engaging students in mathematics by setting them the challenge of completing a Rubik’s Cube and, at the same time, becoming the holders of the Guinness World Record for the greatest number of Rubik’s Cubes completed simultaneously.

30 minutes to complete

Participants had 30 minutes to solve the cube, with the objective for the most people to complete the cube  within the time frame. Many of the kids who solved the Rubik’s cube are now going to see their names in the Guinness Book of World Records.

Gemma Rice, maths co-ordinator said: “All our students took part, and were enthusiastic, working with other schools to help each other complete the challenge. We are delighted to hear the announcement that we beat the current world record by more than 500 cubes. ”

All proceeds raised from schools entering the event went to charity Depaul UK, to help tackle youth homelessness across the UK.

If the video doesn’t open CLICK HERE.

Photo Source: elmbridgeguardian.co.uk

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